Greenland shark. editors will review that which you’ve submitted and determine whether or not to revise this article.

Greenland shark. <P> editors will review that which you’ve submitted and determine whether or not to revise this article.

  • Wildscreen Arkive – Greenland shark
  • WebMD – Secretin
  • Gulf of Maine analysis Institute – Greenland shark
  • Animal Diversity Online – Greenland shark
  • Canadian Shark Analysis Laboratory – Greenland Shark
  • Florida Museum of Natural History – Greenland shark

Greenland shark, (Somniosus microcephalus), person in the sleeper shark family Somniosidae (order Squaliformes, that also includes the dogfish family members, Squalidae) this is the vertebrate that is longest-living. The types is mainly based in the cold-water environments associated with Arctic Ocean and North Atlantic, from Baffin Bay eastward into the Barents Sea, but its range additionally runs southward towards the North Sea additionally the waters next to the Eastern Seaboard associated with united states of america. Bulky, having a curved snout, tiny fins in accordance with human anatomy size, and grey to brown coloration, Greenland sharks are comparable to spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias)

except which they lack a back at the second dorsal fin and usually usually the one from the very very very first dorsal fin.

Normal history

The Greenland shark is amongst the biggest fishes that are cartilaginous. A length can be reached by it of 7 metres (23 foot) and a fat of 1,025 kg (2,260 pounds) whenever completely grown, but the majority are between 2 and 4 metres (6.5 and 13 legs). Minimal is famous, but, about how exactly the types reproduces. Females are believed to achieve maturity that is sexual they surpass the 4-metre (13-foot) mark in total, which does take approximately 150 years to obtain. They’ve been ovoviviparous (this is certainly, eggs are retained inside the human anatomy until they hatch) and create on average 10 offspring at the same time. The sort, quantity, and extent of parental care the young receive are unknown, but boffins speculate that, like many shark types, Greenland sharks are separate from delivery. No other vertebrate known has an expected life so long as this species; radiocarbon relationship of isotopes in the shark’s eye-lens nuclei shows that the earliest Greenland sharks might be a lot more than 500 yrs . old.

Greenland sharks are hardly ever experienced by people. They have been considered to choose colder, much much much much deeper environments but might be discovered ranging from the ocean area and depths of 2,200 meters (about 7,200 legs). Greenland sharks are slow-moving, typically swimming at prices of lower than 3 kilometer (about 1.9 kilometers) each hour. They’ve been carnivorous, and their diet is frequently consists of many different kinds of fishes, including smaller sharks, eels, flounders, and sculpins. Crustaceans, seabirds, and carrion—as well as terrestrial animals (such as for example horses and reindeer) that probably dropped through the ice—have been present in belly analyses associated with the types. Greenland sharks aren’t considered dangerous to people, in component simply because they are now living in areas where individuals usually do not typically swim; truly the only known report of a feasible assault by a Greenland shark on a person dates to 1859.

Preservation status

Greenland sharks are believed to be a species that are near-threatened the Global Union for Conservation of Nature.

The types ended up being valued because of its liver oil; about 114 litres (30 gallons) of liver oil can be had from a sizable specimen (see additionally fish oil). (even though the flesh for the Greenland shark can be consumed, it really is toxic unless precisely cleaned and dried out or over and over over and over repeatedly boiled just before consumption.) Greenland sharks had been fished commercially through the nineteenth century until 1960. Norway persecuted Greenland sharks through the 1970s, simply because they had been regarded as being a nuisance that threatened other fisheries. Into the 1900s that are early numerous as 30,000 Greenland sharks had been caught per year. In totime’s day the yearly take is far smaller; small-scale subsistence fisheries in the Arctic harvest less than 100 individuals yearly, and approximately 1,200 are caught unintentionally in fishing trawls.